When to Use an Emulsifier

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We explain why an emulsifier is required to remove excess post emulsifiable penetrant, and the difference between hydrophilic and lipophilic emulsifier

By Cheri Stockhausen, Product Application Manager

Unlike water washable penetrants, post emulsifiable penetrants do not contain surfactants (emulsifying agents) in their formulas. Post emulsifiable penetrants are resistant to removal from discontinuities during the water rinse step because of the lack of surfactants in their formulas. However, an emulsifier is required to remove excess post emulsifiable penetrant from the part surface during the penetrant removal step.

There are two types of emulsifiers: Lipophilic and Hydrophilic. Magnaflux's Lipophilic emulsifier is ZE-4E, and Hydrophilic emulsifier is ZR-10E.

 

Method B – Lipophilic Emulsifier

Lipophilic emulsifiers combine with post emulsifiable oil- based penetrants. The resultant emulsifier-penetrant combination can be removed from a part surface by water spray. The lipophilic emulsifier works primarily by diffusion into the post emulsifiable penetrant. Lipophilic emulsifiers are supplied in a ready to use form by the manufacturer. No pre-rinse step takes place. After the penetrant dwell time is completed, lipophilic emulsifier is usually applied by dip, and then the lipophilic emulsifier drains from the parts. The emulsification and drain step is timed to prevent over emulsification and possible removal of penetrant from discontinuities. Parts go through a water rinse immediately after the emulsification time.

 

Method D – Hydrophilic Emulsifier

Hydrophilic emulsifiers are supplied as a concentrate. Hydrophilic emulsifiers are diluted with water following the manufacturer’s recommendation. Hydrophilic emulsifiers work by detergent action. After the penetrant dwell time, parts are pre-rinsed with water before application of the hydrophilic emulsifier. Parts are immersed in a mildly agitated tank of hydrophilic emulsifier. Hydrophilic emulsifier may also be applied to parts by spray. With spray application of hydrophilic emulsifier, the pre-rinse step is usually omitted. The hydrophilic emulsification step is followed by a final water rinse.

 

For additional comparison of our Liquid Penetrant Consumables, view the Fluorescent Penetrant Product Comparison Chart.

 

Published July 24, 2018

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