ASTM E1417: Key Changes and Updates

  •  

In October 2021 ASTM E1417 was published, replacing the 2016 revision. This revision was completed as part of a standard review cycle, and to address changes in the industry.  

By Shawn Kilty, Division R&D Manager and David Geis, Product Manager

The next revision of ASTM E1417 has been published, and a lot is changing. Here are several changes that you should be aware of. 

  

1. New Method A(W) Penetrants 

There has been ongoing work in SAE/AMS Committee K to update the basic penetrant qualification spec, AMS-2644. Part of this work is the introduction of a new classification of penetrant, Method A(W) penetrants. Method A(W) penetrants are Water Washable-water containing (Section 5.1.2.2). AMS 2644 defines a Method A(W) penetrant as having 20% or more water by volume. ASTM E1417 requires a weekly check of the water content of Method A(W) penetrants using a refractometer.  

Learn about the separate category for Method A penetrants according to AMS 2644 and what they contain in their formula here.

 

2. Extended Shelf Life (Section 6.5.3)

Penetrant materials that have exceeded their initial shelf life are deemed acceptable for use so long as they pass all required quality checks. Re-certification by the manufacturer is not required. Quality check exceptions for aerosols and single-use materials have also been added.

 

3. Method A Immersion Update (Section 7.3.1.4)  

If you are using Method A (water-washable) penetrants and using immersion in water to remove excess penetrant, a final spray rinse is now required. 

 

4. Indication Swab with QPL Solvents (Section 7.6.3.1) 

During the evaluation, an indication can be wiped with a solvent-dampened swab and re-developed. Acceptable solvents are isopropyl alcohol, acetone, or QPL-AMS-2644 approved solvent/removers.  

 

5. Comparative Quality Checks 

During the System Performance Check, a discrepancy in performance between in-use materials and new, unused materials usually requires comparative removability and sensitivity checks. With the recent revision of E1417, these specific checks are no longer mandated (Sections 7.8.3.2, 7.8.3.3, and 7.8.3.4 have been removed). Instead, the Penetrant Testing Level 3 (III) is responsible for defining the investigation of the discrepancy. This change allows the Penetrant Testing Level 3 (III) to determine which quality checks would be necessary to diagnose and resolve the problem. 

  

6. No Warmup Time Required for LED UV-A Sources

Previous revisions of ASTM E1417 required a minimum of ten minutes of warmup time for all UV-A sources. Because LED UV-A lamps are at full intensity at startup, an exception to this requirement is included to save operators time and reduce the amount of pre-inspection downtime. The ten-minute warmup time is still a requirement for all non-LED UV-A sources. 

 

7. Changes to Process Control and Calibration Requirements (Table 1 ASTM E1417-2021)

In this revision, there are several changes to the frequency of the process control and calibration requirements, including: 

  1. The frequency for penetrant brightness testing is updated from quarterly to semi-annually. 
  2. The frequency for UV lamp integrity checks is updated from weekly to daily. 
  3. The frequency for water pressure, water temperature, and air pressure gauge calibrations is updated from semi-annually to annually. 
  4. The frequency for dryer oven verification is updated from quarterly to semi-annually.  

  

Purchase a copy of ASTM E1417-21 here, and learn more about AMS 2644 approved ZL-425 and ZL-440 water-based, water-washable fluorescent penetrants. 

 

Published November 30, 2021

 


 

Have a question? Please fill out the contact form below. 

Please wait while we gather your results.

Related Blog Articles

ASTM E1417: Key Changes and Updates

ASTM E1417: Key Changes and Updates

The next revision of ASTM E1417 has been published, and a lot is changing. Here are several changes that you should be aware of.

Magnetic Particle Crack Comparison

How Brightness and Contrast Impact NDT Inspections

How perception and vision can have a significant impact on probability of detection in non-destructive testing inspections.

What is Method A(W)?

What is Method A(W)?

Learn about the separate category for Method A penetrants according to AMS 2644 and what they contain in their formula.

Magnaflux Dye Penetrant Testing

How to Do Visible Dye Penetrant Testing [Video]

Watch an overview of the dye penetrant testing method according to ASTM E1417, including basic steps for NDT with an AMS 2644 Type 2 penetrant.

The Ultimate Guide to Visible Dye Penetrant Testing [Video]

The Ultimate Guide to Visible Dye Penetrant Testing [Video]

Some handy tips for beginners who are new to visible dye penetrant testing or NDT pros who want an easy reference guide.

Liquid Penetrant in Dip Tank

How to Maintain Penetrant Testing System Performance

Learn how liquid penetrant testing products lose performance over time and what to do to ensure penetrant test reliability.

Leak-Detection-Penetrant-Testing

Leak Detection with Penetrant Testing Process

Read more about using penetrant testing products to inspect for leaks by using fluorescent or visible/colored penetrant to enhance visual detection of leaks.

Penetrant Testing Demo

How to Do Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Testing [Video]

Watch a demonstration of the penetrant inspection method according to ASTM E1417, including basic steps for NDT with an AMS 2644 Type 1 penetrant.

AMS 2644 Penetrant Sensitivity Levels

A Guide to AMS 2644 Penetrant Sensitivity Levels

Understand fluorescent liquid penetrant sensitivity levels and how to find the right one for your application

Magnaflux Water Washable Penetrant

Water Washable versus Post Emulsifiable Penetrant – Which is Right for You?

Learn the differences between water-removable and non-water-washable liquid penetrant to figure out which is right for you

Magnaflux Penetrant Testing

Exposing 10 Common Misunderstandings about Penetrant Testing

We reveal common misperceptions about liquid penetrant inspection we’ve seen in the field in recent years

What You Need to Start-up In-house Testing [Checklist]

What You Need to Start-up In-house Testing [Checklist]

Step-by-step process listing everything from the equipment needed in magnetic particle testing and liquid penetrant testing to preparation for NDT audits

Understanding the Magnaflux Shelf Life Statement for NDT Chemicals

Understanding the Magnaflux Shelf Life Statement for NDT Chemicals

Answering popular questions regarding shelf life for magnetic particle and liquid penetrant products used in nondestructive testing

Use of Solvent Based Developer for 3D Scanning [Case Study]

Use of Solvent Based Developer for 3D Scanning [Case Study]

Learn about a customer who was in search of an aerosol with an even matte coating, fast drying properties, and easy is to remove

4 Level III Daily Responsibilities

4 Level III Daily Responsibilities

Defining the different types of Level IIIs and some aspects of what their job entails

What Do I Do If My Penetrant Freezes!?

What Do I Do If My Penetrant Freezes!?

Discover what mixing or testing could be required to return a penetrant to its original state once it has frozen

Three steps to narrow down a penetrant method

Selecting A Dye Penetrant Method [Checklist]

Three steps to narrow down a penetrant method through governing specifications, part composition, and test parts

Use of Method D Hydrophilic Emulsifier

Use of Method D Hydrophilic Emulsifier

Learn about the Method D liquid penetrant inspection nondestructive testing method

Contaminated Powder Developer

9 Daily Performance Checks for Liquid Penetrant Inspection Systems

Learn more on why penetrant daily checks are important for the integrity of your LPI Systems

More Than Just Test Results, PeneCert™ Test Services is a Partnership

More Than Just Test Results, PeneCert™ Test Services is a Partnership

Liquid penetrant testing services help verify that your systems are compliant and act as a partner in your NDT process

Liquid Penetrant Aerosol Coverage Test

NDT Visible Liquid Penetrant Aerosol Coverage Test [Video]

See how three popular visible liquid penetrants perform in a coverage test to learn how many square feet each can covered

Overview of Liquid Penetrant Inspection and Magnetic Particle Inspection Specifications

Overview of Liquid Penetrant Inspection and Magnetic Particle Inspection Specifications

Understanding ASTM and SAE/AMS specifications to select the corresponding Magnaflux product for Liquid Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Inspections

This technical paper shows examples of how Magnaflux can customize liquid penetrant equipment to me

Liquid Penetrant Equipment – Customized Solutions for Unique Needs [Video]

This technical paper shows examples of how Magnaflux can customize liquid penetrant equipment to meet part size and floor space requirements

Benefits of Developer

Benefits of Using Developer During Liquid Penetrant Inspection [Case Study]

Learn how a automotive manufacturer increased indication detection in visible and UV light with developer.

Liquid penetrants for leak detection of ventilation systems

Using Fluorescent Penetrant for Ventilation System Leak Detention [Case Study]

Learn how to look at the recommended actions associated with the chemical risk assessment.

Visible Liquid Penetrant Inspection

Better Weld Inspections with Dye Penetrant [Case Study]

Learn how one engineering and fab company improved their NDT weld inspection quality with SKL-WP2 dye penetrant.

PeneCert Test Services

Understanding PeneCert Test Services [SlideShare]

Learn more about test services for in-use penetrant, emulsifiers and developers to comply with ASMT E1417 and AMS 2644.

Dye Penetrant Testing on Pipe

How Low Temperatures Impact Dye Penetrant Testing

Learn how lower inspection temperatures affect the performance of dye penetrant testing cleaners, penetrant and developers

Magnaflux Penetrant Inspection

Understanding Type-, Batch- and In-Use-Testing for Liquid Penetrants [Case Study]

Learn the differences between type testing, batch testing and in-use testing for NDT liquid penetrants.

Magnaflux Penetrant Inspection

Higher Sensitivity Penetrant Improves Inspection Quality [Case Study]

In this case study, we help an aerospace customer improve inspection quality and consistency with two Magnaflux penetrants

What Value Does ISO 9001 Add?

What Value Does ISO 9001 Add?

Learn how ISO 9001 affects the NDT materials you use, therefore affecting your quality management system

The Ultimate Guide to Fluorescent Penetrant Testing [Infographic]

The Ultimate Guide to Fluorescent Penetrant Testing [Infographic]

Liquid penetrant inspection is a nondestructive test method which does not harm the parts being inspected.

Protective Armor Inspection with Zyglo Penetrant [Case Study]

Protective Armor Inspection with Zyglo Penetrant [Case Study]

In this case study, we show how an armor solutions provider increased quality control on a semi-porous surface with ZL-19

5 Things to Consider When Choosing a Mag Particle Yoke [Checklist]

4 Habits of NDT Aerosol Safe Handling

Safety is a make-or-break factor in a technician's world – we list details around hazards, storage, recycling, and shipping of NDT aerosols

AMS 2644 Revision G: Key Changes and Updates

AMS 2644 Revision G: Key Changes and Updates

On April 8, 2019 AMS 2644G1 was published, replacing the 2013 revision F. This revision was completed as part of a standard review cycle, and to address changes in the industry and shortcomings of the previous revision.

How Water Content Effects Viscosity of Fluorescent Penetrant

How Water Content Affects Viscosity of Fluorescent Penetrant [Case Study]

We show how a customer worked with the quality experts at Magnaflux to analyze data trends in the fluorescent penetrant to stay compliant

NADCAP and Known Defect Standards

Understanding Nadcap System Performance Check and Known Defect Standards

Properly demonstrating the system performance check was the #2 Nadcap audit finding for penetrant systems. What do you need to do to comply?

Understanding Safety Data Sheets

Understanding Safety Data Sheets: Do You Know What’s in the Chemicals You Handle?

We highlight the 5 major sections to understand on a Safety Data Sheets (SDS) in accordance with US OHSHA Hazcom 2012 GHS regulations

Learn about the available properties of developers

Does Developer Dry Time Impact Indication Strength?

Learn about the available properties of developers and the relationship between dwell time and inspection quality

JOIN OUR MAILING LIST TO RECEIVE THE LATEST NDT INSIGHTS AND ARTICLES FROM MAGNAFLUX

Magnaflux

155 Harlem Avenue
Glenview, IL 60025, USA
Telephone: +1 847-657-5300
Contact Magnaflux Customer Service

Select Your Country North America Mexico Brazil China Europe Russia India New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Southeast Asia
© 2021 Magnaflux - all rights reserved.
top

We have placed cookies on your computer to give you the best possible experience with our website. These cookies are also used to ensure we show you advertising that is relevant to you. If you continue without changing your settings, you are agreeing to our use of cookies to improve your user experience. You can click the cookie settings link on our website to change your cookie settings at any time.